The Internet of things usually called IoT is a complex system of interrelated computing devices, digital and mechanical machines or objects that are provided with identifiers and the unique ability to transfer data over a network without the need for computer-human or human to human interactions. The IoT is among the most important technological trends in the world today. A combination of innovations in the field of communication and information technology and IoT devices are revolutionizing the human-computer interaction, and how the machines engage with each other.
However, as the opportunities that this trend SPRINGS, IoT also brings a lot of challenges. Here are five challenges of the Internet of things:
Security is a critical issue on the internet, and it is probably the main challenge for the Internet of Things. IoT should connect a wide range of devices over the Web. As such, there is likely malware penetrating your systems or data.
As you increase the number of devices connected to the Web, the number of opportunities to exploit vulnerabilities through poorly designed devices could expose user data to a flight when more data streams are not left with adequate protection. In some cases, it could even harm the health and safety of people. Remember, there are many threats and Zika virus is not the only threat on the web.
2. Data Management
Let's be clear: there is no IoT without data. The data are the essence of the industry, and it must be kept safe and well managed to ensure that users get the most out of all that IoT has to offer.
In a world where all things are connected, you can be assured there are many floating around data. However, there is always a risk of data stolen, misused or the ability of service providers will not be able to cope with so much information being 24/7 creation.
There are data centers to store these data and the old data center system was converted through virtualization. However, even though the latest model is not bad, companies have already started looking at the next big thing: the cloud. Therefore, the large-scale deployment of data could lead to users get confused between copyright and ownership of data.
Just as malicious calls that we usually get from day to day, service providers must work hard to keep data away from unauthorized parties. Try to imagine your refrigerator send you an advertising alert on your mobile phone on the small ice shelves. This issue will become a reality if the databases are not kept secure.
3. Emerging economy and development issues
The Internet of Things offers an excellent platform to enable social development in many societies around the world. The proliferation of Internet services through the many sections of society in developing countries and the reduction of sensors and microprocessors costs will make IoT devices accessible even to low-income households.
However, many gaps are related to the activation of broadband Internet and the architecture of core technology services for business and commercial use in developing countries. Unless basic infrastructure is in place, the devices will not be of any value to users.
The broader challenges of IoT will not be limited to industrialized countries. IoT promises a lot in terms of providing social and economic benefits for developing countries. Like the rest of the world, the least developed regions must meet the requirements of technical skills, preparation of market and policy requirements to maximize the potential IoT.
IoT presents particular challenges in terms of privacy, and it goes far beyond the data privacy issues that exist at present. Much of this is mainly due to the difficulty of having to integrate devices into different environments without using them consciously. The problem becomes even more common with consumer devices such as tracking devices for phones, cars, and smart TVs as well. Over time, your TV will be smarter than you.
In this large data volume era there arose a debate about who owns the data - are manufacturers, equipment or people that operate distribution networks? It was never a complete answer to this question. Even as the debate rages, the devices are still busy tracking how users use them. For example, your smartphone automatically knows the route you prefer to use. Almost all devices using the internet and passing on a lot of private information to larger companies, which is quite undesirable. The IoT only serves to amplify the trend.
5. Business Model
It is important to build business models and strategies around IoT as you strive to keep pace with the digital evolution. Many existing businesses will find it harder because their current business models and strategies must be rebuilt strongly for them to welcome new things like IoT in their daily work. New businesses that already have a leg in technology will find a little easier. However, the integration process IoT will be laborious for some. Moreover, it should be carefully considered. This will also lead to the need for increased resources, start-ups will find something much more difficult compared to large companies.
With so many cultural changes daily in the digital ecosphere, large and small businesses must constantly evolve. Strategies need to rethink, and there is more premeditation necessary to stay abreast of all trends. Also, the time is near for the rapid adaptation to the Internet of things. As seen in this article, many challenges posed by IoT resolve but needs time. This is not something companies can accelerate to do it if they want to remain profitable. However, slowly but gradually taken to try to fight against the red alert areas as privacy and connectivity can guarantee the ultimate success of the Internet of Things.
The future depends on devices connected, but how we manage these devices ultimately decides how our digital future will be shaped.